By Bernice Glatzer-Rosenthal, Martha Bohachevsky-Chomiak
The religious revival that's sweeping the Soviet Union at the present time had its genesis within the non secular renaissance of the early twentieth century. In either situations, it was once lay intellectuals, disillusioned with simplistic positivism and materialism, who tailored Russian orthodoxy to fashionable lifestyles. Their principles reverberated, not just in faith and philosophy, yet in artwork, literature, portray, theater and movie. Banned by way of the Soviet executive in 1922, the writings of the spiritual renaissance have been rediscovered within the Brezhnev period via a brand new new release of Soviet intellectuals disenchanted with Marxism. Circulating from hand at hand in unlawful typewritten versions (samizdat), they exerted an evergrowing effect on Soviet society, from the very most sensible all the way down to usual humans. less than the recent coverage of glasnost, the govt. itself is at the moment reprinting their works. the decisions incorporated during this quantity mirror the profundity and breadth in their notion and are provided in English for the 1st time. the popularity of the common want and value of non secular values and beliefs united this another way heterogeneous staff and bears witness to the range in their method of the elemental problems with the human . The centrality of those lay intellectuals' matters transcends the specifics of the ancient state of affairs in early twentieth century Russia and makes their writings proper to the common human . so as of visual appeal, the decisions are: VLADIMIR SOLOVYOV, The Enemy from the East, The Russian nationwide perfect; NIKOLAI GROT, at the real projects of Philosophy; SERGEI DIAGHILEV, complicated Questions; VASILLY V. ROZANOV, On Sweetest Jesus and the sour end result of the realm; NIKOLAI BERDIAEV, Socialism as faith; SERGEI BULGAKOV, An pressing activity; VIACHISLAV IVANOV, trouble of Individualism, GEORGII CHULKOV, On Mystical Anarchism; DMITRI S. MEREZHKOVSKY, Revolution and faith, The Jewish query As a Russian query; GEORGII FLOROVSKY, on the earth of Quests and Wanderings; PAVEL NOVGORODTSEV, The Essence of the Russian Orthodox awareness; PETR STRUVE, The Intelligentsia and the nationwide Face; ANDREI BELY, Revolution and tradition; ALEKSANDR BLOK, Catiline; EVGENY TRUBETSKOI, The Bolshevist Utopia and the spiritual circulation.
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Additional info for A Revolution of the Spirit: Crisis of Value in Russia, 1890-1924
Many opponents of BolshevismMerezhkovsky, Struve, and Trubetskoi, for examplehad emigrated soon after the Revolution. Twenty-five idealist philosophers, including Berdiaev and Bulgakov, had been expelled early in 1923, and Viacheslav Ivanov left voluntarily for Italy later that year. The writers of the Page xiii Russian emigration, some early examples of which are included in this volume, continue the arguments carried on in Russia and replicate the intellectual climate. Vol'fila, The Free Philosophic Society (a gathering place for St.
These ideas became submerged only because of political pressure. They re-emerged and continued to be discussed as soon as a Page viii modicum of free expression became possible. Our brief afterword, which calls attention to the affinities in spiritual and philosophical thought, is meant to stimulate further study of the phenomenon. Indeed, the book is even more timely today than when it was first issued. When we began working on the first edition in the late 1970s, the study of Russian history had few scholars who were comfortable discussing such intangibles as religion, Zeitgeist, mentalities, or culture as a spiritual phenomenon.
For instance, it is now being argued, in the Soviet Union, both publicly and privately, that if these ideas had prevailed, Stalinism and the Gulag would not have happened. That is not necessarily the case. Religion can foster intolerance and fanaticism as well as kindness and love. Indeed, some would argue that the virulence of Stalinism derived from its religious Page xii rather than its materialistic base, because socialism became a religion, with its own saints and sinners, saved and damned, and its own Inquisition.
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