By Mark Harrison
How did the Soviet Union examine economically with its allies and adversaries ahead of and through global struggle II? was once Soviet monetary survival lower than enormous German assault to be anticipated? What used to be the price of the warfare in rubles, lives and foregone postwar financial health and wellbeing? during this e-book Mark Harrison solutions those questions, supplying a entire research of the hitherto mystery Soviet statistical checklist.
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Extra resources for Accounting for War: Soviet Production, Employment, and the Defence Burden, 1940–1945
My project began when the means of completing it were still very limited. Far greater detail and reliability than appeared likely at the outset were made possible by the collapse of the Soviet state in 1991, which opened up a new documentary base to independent research. Among the most important resources utilised for this study are the wartime archives of Gosplan and the Ministry of Finance held partly by the State Archive of the Russian Federation (GARF), and partly by the Russian State Economics Archive (RGAE); and wartime documents of the State Defence Committee (GKO) held by the Russian Centre for Conservation and Investigation of Documents of Recent History (RTsKhlDNI), all in Moscow.
This book is not about events or personalities, and very little happens in it. It is almost devoid of anecdotes. It is about trends and processes. Of course the processes which it describes were the result of human activity, and it enumerates millions of human beings, but even the people are numbered only to the nearest thousand, or hundred thousand, and there are hardly any named individuals. It reveals only trends and averages; it deals with what was typical, not what was particular or individual.
Warfare on the eastern front changed the lives of hundreds of millions of people. Tens of millions died prematurely, whether in combat, through genocide, or from undernourishment and overwork. Those who were left behind could never forget the terrible events which have shaped the subject matter of this book. An Economic Background World War II was the culminating event of thirty years' violent restructuring in the world economy. During the century from 1815 to 1914, bounded at each extremity by war, the world economy expanded on the basis of relatively unrestricted trade and movements of capital and labour.
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