By Theodore R. Weeks
Across the progressive Divide: Russia and the USSR 1861-1945 bargains a huge interpretive account of Russian heritage from the emancipation of the serfs to the top of worldwide conflict II.<ul type="disc">* presents a coherent review of Russia's improvement from 1861 via to 1945* displays the most recent scholarship through taking a thematic method of Russian historical past and bridging the ‘revolutionary divide’ of 1917* Covers political, fiscal, cultural, and daily life concerns in the course of a interval of significant adjustments in Russian background* Addresses in the course of the variety of nationwide teams, cultures, and religions within the Russian Empire and USSR* exhibits how the novel rules followed after 1917 either replaced Russia and perpetuated an monetary and political stress that keeps to persuade smooth society
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Extra resources for Across the Revolutionary Divide: Russia and the USSR, 1861-1945 (Blackwell History of Russia)
The Schlieffen Plan assumed that with its greater distances and weaker railroad network, Russian mobilization would require several weeks before the Russian army could pose a serious threat to Germany. 18 The Russian attack across that border in August 1914 deeply shocked German public opinion and forced the military to transfer troops from the western front, which may have been decisive in preventing French defeat. Once reinforcements for the German units in East Prussia arrived, however, the counterattack was 32 Politics devastating to the Russians.
The Bolshevik party, not popular congresses, would decide Russia’s future. The most immediate problem facing the Bolsheviks was the war. 28 But Lenin could not dictate policy on his own, as subsequent events would show. Negotiations began at Brest-Litovsk (now on the Politics 37 Polish-Belarusian border) where the Bolshevik representatives were shocked at the draconian demands of the Germans. The Germans called for “national selfdetermination” for Poland, Ukraine, Finland, the Baltic provinces, and other territories that in 1914 had formed part of the Russian Empire.
While he succeeded in defeating General Kornilov’s attempted coup, his government crumbled before the Bolshevik seizure of power. The Provisional Government disappeared not with a bang and barely with a whimper. 27 The Revolution’s First Decade: 1917–1927 The Bolsheviks, as good Marxists, did not imagine that Russia would long remain the only socialist country. They hoped that their example would be the spark that would set off the worldwide revolution long awaited by socialists. But initially they had more immediate concerns than spreading world revolution.
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