Adversary Politics and Land: The Conflict Over Land and by Andrew Cox

By Andrew Cox

The point of interest of the e-book is a dialogue of the adversary foundation of celebration politics in Britain and its inimical influence on conceivable land regulations because the moment international battle. specific emphasis is put on the scope for, and foundation of coverage initiation by means of Conservative and Labour governments within the face of the cumulative social, financial, bureaucratic and political constraints which impinge at the policy-making technique. Dr Cox argues that those constraints depart just a fairly restricted room for manoeuvres by way of governments and that the majority of the post-war rules of Conservative and Labour governments were initiated in lack of know-how of those constraints. to that end, post-war rules have failed in implementation both via producing estate hypothesis or via hindering city improvement.

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Labour intellectuals, like Durbin and Wootton, espoused a more limited commitment - to state indicative planning, with nationalisation confined to industries which had failed the nation. 28 The lack of agreement was to cause great difficulty for the Labour Party in office because, in opposition, the reaffirmation History of land and property policy (i845-1945) 33 of socialism always tended to mask the lack of consensus in the Party over what it was to mean in practice. This was seen strikingly over the land and property issue: the 1918 Constitution and subsequent manifesto commitments implied a policy of land nationalisation, but there were those in the Party who wanted merely to extend state betterment collection by taxation and to give local authorities more powers to control and regulate unsightly and speculative property development.

To this end, given the weakness of the local authority planning system during the 1930s, it recommended that an independent national Commission should be created to oversee all planning administration. To ensure Parliamentary accountability this Commission should be responsible to a Minister for National Development, who would co-ordinate an inter-departmental committee of ministers in Whitehall. 45 It was clear that within this system local authorities would play a key role in detailed management and local planning.

Unfortunately, if every owner who is refused planning permission, or whose land suffers worsenment, had his claims met in full, then the total sum that the state would have to pay would be far in excess of the real value of development that would take place, or had taken place. 12 The issue therefore becomes one of allowing for state purchase and planning, while being fair to owners and at the same time avoiding unnecessary expense. The problems are exacerbated when the state comes to control all land use planning, as has been the case in Britain since 1947.

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