By Charles Redman, David R. Foster
Agrarian Landscapes in Transition researches human interplay with the earth. With hundreds and hundreds of acres of agricultural land going out of creation on a daily basis, the creation, unfold, and abandonment of agriculture represents the main pervasive alteration of the Earth's atmosphere for numerous thousand years. What occurs whilst people impose their spatial and temporal signatures on ecological regimes, and the way does this manipulation have an effect on the earth and nature's hope for equilibrium?Studies have been carried out at six long-term Ecological learn websites in the US, together with New England, the Appalachian Mountains, Colorado, Michigan, Kansas, and Arizona. whereas every one web site has its personal specific agricultural historical past, styles emerge that help in making feel of ways our activities have affected the earth, and the way the earth pushes again. The publication addresses how human actions impact the spatial and temporal buildings of agrarian landscapes, and the way this varies through the years and throughout biogeographic areas. It additionally appears on the ecological and environmental effects of the ensuing structural alterations, the human responses to those adjustments, and the way those responses force additional adjustments in agrarian landscapes.The time frames studied contain the ecology of the earth ahead of human interplay, pre-European human interplay throughout the upward push and fall of agricultural land use, and eventually the organic and cultural reaction to the abandonment of farming, because of whole abandonment or a land-use switch resembling urbanization.
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Additional resources for Agrarian Landscapes in Transition: Comparisons of Long-Term Ecological & Cultural Change (Long-Term Ecological Research Network)
Cambridge University Press. Barron, H. S. 1997. Mixed harvest: The second great transformation in the rural North, 1870–1930. : University of North Carolina Press. Bayman, J. M. 2001. ” Journal of World Prehistory 13: 257–311. , J. Björklund, and L. Salomonsson. 2005. ” Ambio 34: 582–588. Brisbin, J. S. 1959. The beef bonanza; or, How to get rich on the plains, being a description of cattle-growing, sheep-farming, horse-raising, and dairying in the West. : University of Oklahoma Press. Brookfield, H.
As late as the region’s so-called Golden Age (1900–1920), reported farm scale did not increase much beyond the quarter-section parcel. At the same time, land use in southwestern Michigan remained diverse and intensive. S. Department of Commerce, 1945a, 1997). In 1925, roughly 60% of the land in farms in the region was cropped, and the proportion has steadily increased. S. Department of Commerce, 1925, 1987, 1992, 1997). The pace of land transformation was better documented in the census when European American settlement reached the grasslands of eastern Kansas.
2005. Global perspectives on industrial transformation in the American South. : University of Missouri Press. Donahue, B. 2004. The Great Meadow: Farmers and the land in colonial Concord. : Yale University Press. Dublin, T. 1981. Farm to factory: Women’s letters, 1830–1860. New York: Columbia University Press. Egnal, M. 1998. New world economies: The growth of the thirteen colonies and early Canada. New York: Oxford University Press. Finnegan, N. , E. T. Sundquist, P. J. Waisanen, N. B. Bliss, and M.
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